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Static routing involves manually adding IP routes to the system's routing table, and this is usually done by manipulating the routing table with the <application>route</application> command. Static routing enjoys many advantages over dynamic routing, such as simplicity of implementation on smaller networks, predictability (the routing table is always computed in advance, and thus the route is precisely the same each time it used), and low overhead on other routers and network links due to the lack of a dynamic routing protocol. However, static routing does present some disadvantages as well. For example, static routing is limited to small networks and does not scale well. Static routing also fails completely to adapt to network outages and failures along the route due to the fixed nature of the route.
静态路由包含向系统路由表中手工添加的 IP 路由,一般是通过 <application>route</application> 命令来向路由表手工添加的。静态路由与动态路由相比有许多优点,如在小网络中实施简单,有可预测性 (路由表总是事先算好,因此路由在每次使用时都相当一致),在其它路由器和网络链路处理上比动态路由协议开销小。然而,静态路由也有一些缺点。如静态路由只限于小网络而且不能很好地进行调整。静态路由由于路由固定的特性,因此根本无法根据路由来适应网络中断和故障。
Translated and reviewed by 姚渺波 on 2006-04-18
Located in C/network-applications.xml:307(para)
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