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Dynamic Routing depends on large networks with multiple possible IP routes from a source to a destination and makes use of special routing protocols, such as the Router Information Protocol (RIP), which handle the automatic adjustments in routing tables that make dynamic routing possible. Dynamic routing has several advantages over static routing, such as superior scalability and the ability to adapt to failures and outages along network routes. Additionally, there is less manual configuration of the routing tables, since routers learn from one another about their existence and available routes. This trait also eliminates the possibility of introducing mistakes in the routing tables via human error. Dynamic routing is not perfect, however, and presents disadvantages such as heightened complexity and additional network overhead from router communications, which does not immediately benefit the end users, but still consumes network bandwidth.
动态路由有赖于从一个源到目的有多条可用 IP 路由的大型网络,利用特定的路由协议,如路由信息协议 (RIP),可以自动调整路由表以生成可能的动态路由。动态路由相对静态路由有几个优点,如拥有较大的伸缩性和能根据网络路由来适应网络中断和故障。另外,几乎无须手工配置路由表,因为路由器可以相互学到其他已有并且可用的路由器。这一特性也消除了由于人为错误而在路由表中引入错误的可能。然而,动态路由也并不完美,其表现出来的缺点如相当复杂以及由于路由器通讯所带来的额外的网络开销,并不能使最终用户由此获益,并却一直消耗着网络带宽。
Translated and reviewed by 姚渺波 on 2006-04-18
Located in C/network-applications.xml:317(para)
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