Translations by Ihnus Qcshz

Ihnus Qcshz has submitted the following strings to this translation. Contributions are visually coded: currently used translations, unreviewed suggestions, rejected suggestions.

121 of 21 results
Ubuntu Server Guide
Ubuntu 服务器指南
Computer networks are often comprised of diverse systems, and while operating a network made up entirely of Ubuntu desktop and server computers would certainly be fun, some network environments must consist of both Ubuntu and <trademark class="registered">Microsoft</trademark><trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> systems working together in harmony. This section of the <phrase>Ubuntu</phrase> Server Guide introduces principles and tools used in configuring your Ubuntu Server for sharing network resources with Windows computers.
计算机网络通常包含不同的系统,虽然使用全由 Ubuntu 桌面计算机和服务器计算机构成的网络是有趣的,但一些网络环境还是需要 Ubuntu 和 <trademark class="registered">Microsoft</trademark> <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> 这两个系统协同工作。<phrase>Ubuntu</phrase> 服务器指南中的这部分内容介绍配置你 Ubuntu 服务器的原理及所用工具,以便同 Windows 计算机共享网络资源。
Successfully networking your Ubuntu system with Windows clients involves providing and integrating with services common to Windows environments. Such services assist the sharing of data and information about the computers and users involved in the network, and may be classified under three major categories of functionality:
将您的 Ubuntu 系统与 Windows 客户机成功连网牵涉到为 Windows 环境提供和整合常用服务。这些服务有助于网络中计算机和用户的数据和信息共享,可以将它们按功能划分为以下三大类:
<emphasis role="bold">File and Printer Sharing Services</emphasis>. Using the Server Message Block (SMB) protocol to facilitate the sharing of files, folders, volumes, and the sharing of printers throughout the network.
<emphasis role="bold">文件和打印机共享服务</emphasis>。SMB(Server Message Block,服务器信息块) 协议使得在网络上共享文件、文件夹、卷和打印机变得容易。
<emphasis role="bold">Directory Services</emphasis>. Sharing vital information about the computers and users of the network with such technologies as the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) and Microsoft <trademark class="registered">Active Directory</trademark>.
<emphasis role="bold">目录服务</emphasis>。通过LDAP(Lightweight Directory Access Protocol,轻量目录访问协议) 和 Microsoft <trademark class="registered">Active Directory</trademark>技术来共享网络计算机和用户的重要信息。
<emphasis role="bold">Authentication and Access</emphasis>. Establishing the identity of a computer or user of the network and determining the information the computer or user is authorized to access using such principles and technologies as file permissions, group policies, and the Kerberos authentication service.
<emphasis role="bold">认证和权限</emphasis>。建立网络计算机和用户的身份信息并通过使用文件权限、组策略和Kerberos认证服务等原理和技术来确定计算机或用户可以访问的信息。
Fortunately, your Ubuntu system may provide all such facilities to Windows clients and share network resources among them. One of the principle pieces of software your Ubuntu system includes for Windows networking is the SAMBA suite of SMB server applications and tools. This section of the <phrase>Ubuntu</phrase> Server Guide will briefly introduce the installation and limited configuration of the SAMBA suite of server applications and utilities. Additional, detailed documentation and information on SAMBA is beyond the scope of this documentation, but exists on the <ulink url="">SAMBA website</ulink>.
幸运的是,你的 Ubuntu 系统可以给 Windows 客户机提供上述所有的服务并且在它们之间共享网络资源。你的 Ubuntu 系统中用来和 Windows 网络互连的一个基本软件是包含 SMB 服务器应用程序及其工具。<phrase>Ubuntu</phrase> 服务器指南的这部分将简要介绍一下 SAMBA 套件中服务器应用程序及工具的安装和简单配置。此外,SAMBA的详细文档和信息已超出了本文档的编制范围,您可以在 <ulink url="">SAMBA 网站</ulink> 上找到。
For further information about the use of <application>APT</application>, read the comprehensive <ulink url="">Debian APT User Manual</ulink> or type: <screen>apt-get help</screen>
关于 <application>APT</application> 用法的更多信息,可阅读全面的<ulink url="">Debian APT 用户手册</ulink> 或输入:<screen>apt-get help</screen>
<emphasis role="bold">u</emphasis>: Unpacked files, but package not yet configured
<emphasis role="bold">u</emphasis>: 文件已解压,但尚未配置软件包
Be advised that neither the <emphasis>Universe</emphasis> or <emphasis>Multiverse</emphasis> repositories contain officially supported packages. In particular, there may not be security updates for these packages.
提醒您在 <emphasis>Universe</emphasis> 或 <emphasis>Multiverse</emphasis> 软件库中均没有官方支持的软件包。特别是这些软件包可能没有安全更新。
Many more configurations are possible, including dialup PPP interfaces, IPv6 networking, VPN devices, etc. Refer to <application>man 5 interfaces</application> for more information and supported options. Remember that <filename>/etc/network/interfaces</filename> is used by the <application>ifup</application>/<application>ifdown</application> scripts as a higher level configuration scheme than may be used in some other Linux distributions, and that the traditional, lower level utilities such as <application>ifconfig</application>, <application>route</application>, and <application>dhclient</application> are still available to you for ad hoc configurations.
配置更多的接口是可能的,包括拨号的 PPP 接口、IPv6 网络、VPN 设备等。更多信息和支持选项请参考 <application>man 5 interfaces</application>。记住 <filename>/etc/network/interfaces</filename> 被 <application>ifup</application>/<application>ifdown</application> 脚本用于作为比其他一些 Linux 发行版更高层的配置模式。传统的低层工具如<application>ifconfig</application>、<application>route</application> 和 <application>dhclient</application> 仍旧可被您用来进行特别配置。
<emphasis role="bold">Gateway Address</emphasis> A Gateway Address is the IP address through which a particular network, or host on a network, may be reached. If one network host wishes to communicate with another network host, and that host is not located on the same network, then a <emphasis>gateway</emphasis> must be used. In many cases, the Gateway Address will be that of a router on the same network, which will in turn pass traffic on to other networks or hosts, such as Internet hosts. The value of the Gateway Address setting must be correct, or your system will not be able to reach any hosts beyond those on the same network.
<emphasis role="bold">网关地址</emphasis> 网关地址是一个通过该地址可能会到达指定网络或网络主机的 IP 地址。如果一台网络主机希望与另一台网络主机通讯,而该机并不在同一网络中,就必须使用 <emphasis>网关</emphasis>。在很多情况下,网关地址会是同一个网络中的某台路由器,其会接着将网络流量输送到其它的网络或主机,如 Internet 主机。网关地址设置必须正确,否则您的系统将除了在同一个网络中的主机外不能到达任何其它主机。
TCP is a connection-based protocol, offering error correction and guaranteed delivery of data via what is known as <emphasis>flow control</emphasis>. Flow control determines when the flow of a data stream needs to be stopped, and previously sent data packets should to be re-sent due to problems such as <emphasis>collisions</emphasis>, for example, thus ensuring complete and accurate delivery of the data. TCP is typically used in the exchange of important information such as database transactions.
TCP 是一个基于连接的协议,提供纠错并通过 <emphasis>流量控制</emphasis> 来确保数据的送达。流量控制决定像什么时候需要停止一个数据流,以及在出现诸如 <emphasis>冲突</emphasis> 等问题时重发先前发送的数据包,以确保完整和准确的数据传输。TCP 常用于重要信息的交换,如数据库事务。
Daemons are special system applications which typically execute continuously in the background and await requests for the functions they provide from other applications. Many daemons are network-centric; that is, a large number of daemons executing in the background on an Ubuntu system may provide network-related functionality. Some examples of such network daemons include the <emphasis>Hyper Text Transport Protocol Daemon</emphasis> (httpd), which provides web server functionality; the <emphasis>Secure SHell Daemon</emphasis> (sshd), which provides secure remote login shell and file transfer capabilities; and the <emphasis>Internet Message Access Protocol Daemon</emphasis> (imapd), which provides E-Mail services.
守护程序是特殊的系统应用程序,一般常驻在后台并等待来自其他应用程序请求其所提供的功能。许多守护程序都是面向网络的;也就是说,在 Ubuntu 系统后台执行的许多守护程序都可以提供网络的相关功能。这些网络守护程序包括 <emphasis>超文本传输协议守护程序</emphasis> (httpd),用于提供web服务器功能;<emphasis>Secure SHell 守护程序</emphasis> (sshd),用于提供安全远程登录 shell 和文件传输功能;<emphasis>Internet Message Access Protocol 守护程序</emphasis> (imapd),用于提供 E-Mail 服务。
Ubuntu is shipped with both DHCP server and client. The server is <application>dhcpd</application> (dynamic host configuration protocol daemon). The client provided with Ubuntu is <application>dhclient</application> and should be installed on all computers required to be automatically configured. Both programs are easy to install and configure and will be automatically started at system boot.
Ubuntu 提供 DHCP 服务器及其客户端。服务器叫 <application>dhcpd</application> (动态主机配置协议守护程序)。Ubuntu 提供的客户端叫 <application>dhclient</application>,应该安装在所有自动配置的计算机上。这两个程序很容易安装和配置,并可在系统引导时自动启用。
For security reasons, this should usually not be set, and certainly should not be set on your DocumentRoot directory. Enable this option carefully on a per-directory basis only if you are certain you want users to see the entire contents of the directory.
出于安全考虑,这个通常不会设置,无疑也不应在您 DocumentRoot 目录中设置。只有在您确定您希望用户看到目录的整个内容时请小心地基于每个目录启用该选项。
<emphasis role="bold">User</emphasis> - The User directive sets the userid used by the server to answer requests. This setting determines the server's access. Any files inaccessible to this user will also be inaccessible to your website's visitors. The default value for User is www-data.
<emphasis role="bold">User</emphasis> - User 语句设置被服务器用于回应请求的用户 ID。该设置决定服务器的权限。任何该用户无法访问的文件也无法被您网站的访问者访问。用户缺省值是 www-data。
The <application>mod_ssl</application> module is available in <application>apache2-common</application> package. If you have installed this package, you can run the following command from a terminal prompt to enable the <application>mod_ssl</application> module:
<application>mod_ssl</application> 模块已经包含在 <application>apache2-common</application> 软件包中。如果您已经安装了该软件包,您可以在终端提示符之后执行下列命令启用 <application>mod_ssl</application> 模块:
The Ubuntu Documentation Project
Ubuntu 文档项目