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2837 of 258 results
There is often confusion between open source, free software and Linux. While all three are inter-linked, there are distinct differences which are made clearer when looking at their evolution.
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Located in chapter1/po/xinclude.xml:79(para)
The Free Software Movement
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Located in chapter1/po/xinclude.xml:84(title)
In the 1960s, it was typical for software to be distributed freely by companies such as IBM and shared amongst users. Software was then considered an enabler for the hardware, around which the business model of these corporations was built. Software was provided with source code that could be improved and modified; this was therefore the very early seeds of open source software. However, as hardware became cheaper and profit margins eroded in the 1970s, manufacturers looked to software to provide additional revenue streams.
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Located in chapter1/po/xinclude.xml:85(para)
In September 1983, Richard Matthew Stallman, former programmer at the MIT Artificial Intelligence Lab launched the GNU project to create a free UNIX-like operating system (OS). He was concerned with growth in proprietary software and users' inability to access and modify programmes on their computers. Developer constraint, as opposed to freedom was prevalent. With the launch of the GNU project, Stallman started the Free Software Movement and in October 1985, set up the Free Software Foundation.
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Located in chapter1/po/xinclude.xml:95(para)
Stallman pioneered the definition and characteristics of open source software and the concept of copyleft. He is the main author of several copyleft licenses, including the GNU General Public License (GPL), which is the most widely used free software license.
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Located in chapter1/po/xinclude.xml:104(para)
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Translated and reviewed by Cédric VALMARY (Tot en òc)
Located in chapter1/po/xinclude.xml:110(title) chapter1/po/xinclude.xml:140(emphasis) chapter1/po/xinclude.xml:158(title) chapter1/po/xinclude.xml:227(title) chapter1/po/xinclude.xml:332(title)
For more information on Richard Stallman and the GNU project, refer to the following URL: <ulink url=""></ulink>.
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Located in chapter1/po/xinclude.xml:111(para)
By 1991, a number of GNU tools, including the powerful GNU compiler collection (GCC), had been created. However, a free kernel was not yet available to build a free OS that would use these tools.
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Located in chapter1/po/xinclude.xml:115(para)
The Open Source Movement and Linux
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Located in chapter1/po/xinclude.xml:121(title)
The difference between free software and open source can be defined as the difference between a social movement (free software) and a development methodology (open source). Linux refers to the kernel, or the backbones of the open source architecture.
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Located in chapter1/po/xinclude.xml:122(para)
2837 of 258 results

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Contributors to this translation: Cédric VALMARY (Tot en òc).